Flower bed and balcony plants

Caring for chrysanthemums – tips for abundance of flowers and splendor of colour

Chrysanthemums are mainly native to East Asia and are among the most important ornamental plants of all. With their large number of flowers, the colorful plants bring an incomparable atmosphere to the balcony, terrace and garden in late summer. Due to their long flowering period and low maintenance requirements, chrysanthemums are ideal for planters, baskets and balcony boxes. The plant, considered the national flower of Japan, is seen as a symbol of perfection and immortality. Translated, the chrysanthemum is called ‘Kiku’ in Japanese, which means ‘evening sun’. You can buy plants online from us.

Useful information Location Planting Care Watering Fertilizing Species Pests & Diseases FAQ

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Interesting facts about chrysanthemums

Botanical name: Chrysanthemum indicum
Other names: chrysanthemum, autumn chrysanthemum, garden mums, usurian flower, dendran
theme The plants are often mistakenly referred to as winter asters, which is botanically incorrect.
Use: balcony plant, container plant, garden plant, cemetery plant
Origin: East Asia
Flower colours: yellow, orange, cream , red, pink, white, violet, two-tone and double varieties
Flowering period: August to November
Special features:Chrysanthemums bring color quickly and easily and require little care. The winter hardiness is very different, mostly the plants are intended for decoration in late summer and autumn.

In which location do chrysanthemums feel most comfortable?

Chrysanthemums are ideal for a semi-shady location, but for late summer decoration it can also be shady or sunny. Basically, the sunnier the place, the faster the plants will wither. Place chrysanthemums in baskets or plant the flowering plants in larger containers and enjoy the autumn decorations at the entrance to the house, on the balcony or terrace. With their spherical shape, chrysanthemum bushes are an eye-catcher without much effort. With us you will find the right planters outside.

How do I plant my chrysanthemums in the garden?

Chrysanthemums can easily be placed in pots or transplanted into larger boxes and containers. By repotting, you give the flowering plant a larger root volume and reduce the watering effort. However, repotting is not absolutely necessary. Use good quality potting soil for repotting and put a layer of expanded clay in the container for better drainage.

How do I care for my chrysanthemums after they have bloomed?

After flowering, you can cut back the chrysanthemum bushes and plant them in the garden. Some varieties survive the winter well and will sprout again the following year. As long as the ground is not frozen, planting can be done. It is important that the soil is well drained and rich in nutrients. Overwintering in the pot can take place in a bright, frost-free place in the house, but it is not worthwhile because overwintered plants usually produce fewer flowers and flower later.

How do I water my chrysanthemums?

Chrysanthemums are easy-care plants. Nevertheless, it is important that regular watering takes place. It is important that chrysanthemums are not poured over the blossoms and that they never dry out if possible, but on the other hand there should be no waterlogging. The so-called demand-oriented watering means the even moisture in the soil. How often you have to water depends largely on the temperature, the sunlight and the size of the root ball.

How do I fertilize my chrysanthemums?

Chrysanthemums are decorative plants in late summer and autumn. Usually they are not cultivated after the flowering season. The nutrient content in the pot is sufficient for the plant and therefore fertilization is not absolutely necessary. If necessary, you can fertilize with a high-quality, liquid flower fertilizer every 2 to 3 weeks. It is important that the root ball is well moist to avoid root damage.

What types of chrysanthemums are there?

The genus Chrysanthemum contains over 40 species. All belong to the daisy family and are closely related to the marigold or marguerite. The winter hardiness of the individual chrysanthemum species varies greatly and depends not only on the species but also on the soil conditions and temperatures in winter.

Chrysanthemum indicum

Chrysanthemum x multiflora ‘Garden Mums’

Chrysanthemum hortorum


usually hardy for one year, need winter protection

hardy, bloom until frost

Balcony plant, tub plantBalcony plant, tub plant, perennial

perennial, cut flower

mostly available as bushes, but also as standard, hanging plant, solitaireusually available as bushes, but also as stem, hanging plant, solitaire

as plants or specimen plants

round growth round growth

upright growth with a height of 50 to 80 cm

great variety of colors and flower shapesgreat variety of colors and flower shapes

Filled and unfilled varieties available

Flowering time from July, depending on the species and cultivation styleFlowering time from July, depending on the species and cultivation technique

Flowering period September to October

Time-consuming breeding work results in more and more new and interesting varieties. As a supplement to the standard varieties, we have put together very special varieties for you in our Kölle’s Beste Chrysanthemum selection. These selected varieties are characterized by special flower colors and shapes, a harmonious plant structure and first-class quality.

Due to the wide range of flower shapes and types, modern or classic plantings can be created, depending on taste. In addition to the well-known small-flowered species, the large-flowered varieties are currently becoming a special highlight on the balcony and terrace. There is a suitable chrysanthemum for every purpose. From the mini plant to the plants to the solitaire in XXL, stems and pyramids, there is the necessary size for all types of use. Discover our plants online shop!

What pests and diseases can the chrysanthemum get?

Chrysanthemums are robust and are very rarely attacked by diseases and pests in the optimal location and with good care.

Are you looking for more information about pests and diseases or do you have questions about a plant problem? Our plant doctors will be happy to help you – in person and online!

FAQ — Frequently asked questions about chrysanthemums

Which plants are suitable for combining with chrysanthemums?

Grasses, gentian, calluna, heather, ivy, box, small conifers, structural plants, pansies and pumpkins are ideal for the combination.

Can chrysanthemums be propagated from cuttings?

Chrysanthemums are easy to propagate from cuttings. Rooting works best with cuttings that have not yet flowered. Use sharp scissors to cut 5cm cuttings from healthy plants only. Cuttings root optimally in seed trays or in a seed set with a transparent cover. After 3 to 4 weeks the first roots have formed and the young chrysanthemums can be repotted in pots with potting soil.

How are chrysanthemums protected in winter?

Some species are hardy, they are protected with fir branches or cover fleece.