Marguerites are one of the most popular summer seasonal plants. With characteristic flowering, the genus Argyranthemum pleases in the garden for many months. The classic is mainly popular as a stem or bush. Whether alone with suitable underplanting or in combination with other species, the plants quickly create an atmospheric picture. Small plants are ideal for bowls, borders or balcony boxes and enrich the home garden with a rich abundance of flowers. The colors vary depending on the variety. The best known are the flowers with white ray florets and yellow tubular florets. With a bit of luck, daisies can overwinter.
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Interesting facts about daisies
Botanical name: Argyranthemum frutescens, synonym: Chrysanthemum frutescens
Other names: marguerite, marguerite trunk, marguerite tree, bushy marguerite, Leucanthemum
Use: container plant, stem, balcony plant, cemetery plant, border, bowl
Flower colours: white, yellow, pink, red, single flowering or filled
Flowering period: April to October
Special features: The classic for balconies and gardens tolerates full sun. It is easy to care for, after pruning it will delight with new shoots and beautiful flowers within a few weeks. Protect from frost in winter.
In which location does the marguerite feel most comfortable?
The optimal location for the popular flower is sunny and sheltered from the wind. From May to September, the woody plant can be planted out in the ground or in planters on balconies and patios. The daisy family also feels comfortable in partially shaded places, but sometimes the number of flowers is smaller and the coloring is not as intense. Be aware that Argyranthemum frutescens is not hardy and will therefore need to be moved indoors before the first frost.
How do I water my marguerite correctly?
Regular watering is important when caring for daisies. How often you have to water depends largely on the size of the plant, the radiation and the volume of soil. It is therefore difficult to give a general watering recommendation. Warmer temperatures may require watering every day. Therefore, a large pot or planting out in the garden is a way of optimally caring for the shrub daisy and with less effort. Waterlogging should be avoided urgently, since the genus reacts very sensitively to this.
How do I fertilize my marguerite properly?
Use a garden fertilizer directly when planting. The shrubs have a good start and are well looked after with the slow-acting depot fertilizer for the first few weeks on the balcony. 4 to 6 weeks after transplanting, continuous fertilizing with liquid flower fertilizer with guano is recommended. Add the special fertilizer to the irrigation water once a week and make sure you fertilize regularly until the end of August. This ensures a long flowering period.
Our gardening tip: You can also supply individual specimens in pots with long-term fertilizer sticks. This convenient solution promotes growth and flowering and works for up to 3 months.
How do I cut my marguerite correctly?
Argyranthemum frutescens are already branched by nature. However, pruning with secateurs encourages branching and results in an even denser crown. For a long flowering period, it is important that you continuously cut off the stems with the faded flowers. A radical cut after the first pile is also practical. Within a short time, the daisies will sprout new buds and delight with a second flowering period. If you would like to overwinter the shrub daisy, then pruning it back in the garden in autumn is a good idea. With less leaf mass, the solitary plants can be brought into the winter quarters. You should bring the stems or bushes to their winter quarters by the end of October at the latest.
Our gardening tip: The summer cut in June leads to a second lush bloom. Cut back the crowns by a third here. Without pruning, the shoots often age. Long, soft stems with small flowers are the result of lack of care.
How do I repot my marguerite?
It is optimal if you repot the summer flower immediately after purchase. The culture pot is usually completely rooted and not visually appealing. Therefore, transplanting into a larger planter is a good way to combine the useful with the beautiful. Transplanting the shrub daisy creates better growth conditions and makes care easier for you. Use a structurally stable potting soil for repotting and place a layer of expanded clay on the bottom of the pot for drainage. It is important that the pot has a water drainage hole and is at least 10 cm larger in diameter than the previous container.
Repotting in 5 steps:
- Place the whole plant with the pot in a bucket of water so that the root ball is completely soaked.
- Carefully remove the culture pot.
- Use structurally stable potting soil and expanded clay for drainage.
- Place the shrub vertically in the container and carefully fill the space between the root ball and the planter.
- Finally, pour thoroughly.
A sunny location is ideal for daisies, preferably immediately after repotting. Our gardening tip: Small plants are also suitable as table decorations. In a suitable planter, the classics conjure up a special atmosphere at Easter, for example, and are also a nice alternative to a bouquet as a gift.
How do I overwinter and care for my shrub daisy?
In addition to watering with a watering can and fertilizing, pruning is essential for care. Since the genus does not shed the flowers, trimming or trimming is necessary. The genus is woody but not hardy. It is therefore good if you place the standard tree or bush in a sheltered place in good time before the first night frost. This should be bright and have temperatures between 5 and 15 degrees Celsius. Possible locations can be a temperature-controlled conservatory, a bright stairwell or a heated greenhouse. It is important in winter that the soil does not dry out completely, the sheltered location is bright and the temperatures are not too low.Dark hibernation is not suitable. In spring, too, it is important that you make sure that the shrub daisy has to stay indoors when the night-time temperatures are below zero.
What types of daisies are there?
Breeding and selection have resulted in a large number of colorful daisy varieties in recent years. In addition to the well-known white single-flowered variant, there are double-flowered and colorful varieties.
‘ Daisy Crazy’ double flowers
‘ Pink simply blooming
‘ Madam Butterfly’ yellow
In addition to frost-sensitive shrub daisies, there are also perennials that are hardy and perennial. These hardy species can remain in the garden without any problems. Some of them are evergreen and therefore decorative all year round.
The bee-friendly perennial delights in the garden with a height of up to 80 cm and a long flowering period year after year in the garden. The species, also known as summer daisy, is particularly suitable for beds and, after pruning, easily produces a second pile with many new flowers. This Leucanthemum is often used in bouquets and has been a popular species for decades. A humus-rich soil that stores moisture well and is rich in nutrients is ideal. The white flowers can be perfectly combined with other colors or integrated into classic green and white beds. This variety can overwinter in the garden without any problems.
What pests and diseases can Argyranthemum frutescens get?
Especially in winter, when there is less light, low humidity and limited growth, daisies are more susceptible to aphid infestation. Check plants for animal pests during the winter, but also regularly in summer. Rinse the plants thoroughly with water at the first infestation — this first measure usually helps. Natural plant strengtheners help the plant grow stronger tissue that is less likely to be attacked by sucking insects.
The leaf miner is a small butterfly whose green larva lives inside the leaves. The feeding activity interrupts the flow of sap and the leaf turns brown. When the first infestation occurs, remove the leaves and dispose of them with household waste. Recognized in time, major damage can be avoided. Control is possible with beneficial insects. Organic plant treatment and organic power fertilizer can be used to strengthen the plants.
Are you looking for more information about pests and diseases or do you have questions about a plant problem? Our plant doctors will be happy to help you – in person and online!
FAQ — Frequently Asked Questions
How does daisy multiply?
Shrub daisies can be easily propagated by cuttings. The right time for this is April and May. Use a knife to take cuttings from healthy plants. The head cuttings root optimally in propagation trays or in a propagation house with a transparent cover. It is important that the soil never dries out until rooting, but is not too damp either and is protected from the blazing sun.