Bellis perennis are cultivars that have emerged from breeding. The common daisy, native to Central Europe, is the archetype of the spring flowers that are popular today. Both species belong to the daisy family (Asteraceae), which can be clearly seen from the shape of the flowers. The white flowers of the wild form are characterized by the characteristic yellow tubular flowers and are related to the margueriterecognize. With simple flowers, both are important nectar plants and indispensable for the natural garden. In contrast to daisies and marguerites, Bellis perennis are biennials. Planted flat, Bellis bring the best effect and grow into dense cushions for many weeks. You can find out everything about caring for daisies in the following section.
Useful information Location Planting Care Watering & fertilizing Overwintering Pests & diseases FAQ
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Worth knowing about daisies
Botanical name: Bellis perennis
Other names: daisies, daisies, daisies
Use: borders, flower boxes, pots, rock gardens, planting in cemeteries, bowls, balconies, for a short time as decoration in the house
Origin: Central Europe
Flower colours: white, red, pink, cultivated varieties mainly have double ones Flowers
Flowering time: March to June
Special features:The flowering plant can be planted in early spring or propagated by seed in summer. The herbaceous plant forms a rosette in the first year and flowers in the second year. Popular in organic quality as edible flowers for salads and decoration on cold dishes. Bellis perennis is also known in homeopathy.
In which location does the daisy feel most at home?
The optimal place for biennial plants is sunny and outdoors all year round. Wild, the daisies grow in meadows that are well drained and contain humus for water storage. Large areas can be quickly planted with Bellis in spring, and the easy-care plants also bring color and mood to containers, balconies or rock gardens. When planting in autumn, it is important that winter protection is provided with fir or fleece in the event of severe frost.
Fact: In semi-shady locations, the flowers are less plentiful and the colors are often not as intense. Nevertheless, penumbra is also suitable as a location for measure sweethearts.
How do I plant my Bellis?
A few weeks after planting, daisies transform the borders and the balcony into a sea of flowers. It is important that you thoroughly loosen the soil before planting and remove all weeds. If the soil is heavy, make sure there is a drainage layer with sand and gravel, because the roots cannot tolerate too much water over a long period of time.
It is important that you water the special daisy thoroughly before planting it out and use high-quality potting soil. Make sure that the edge of the pot is even with the bottom. Finally, press the root ball well with your hands and water the new planting. When planting in autumn, you should plant in good time before the first frost so that rooting takes place before winter.
When planting in pots, balcony boxes or bowls, it is important that you first fill in a layer of expanded clay as drainage. Bellis perennis can be combined with other species or planted as a single variety.
Tip: Make sure that the flowers still have enough room to develop and that they are not planted too densely. A planting distance of 10 cm is ideal. You can achieve the best effect of the early bloomers by planting in groups. If possible, use several specimens of the same variety and use them over a wide area. Beautiful combinations result with tulips, forget-me-nots, daffodils or ranunculus.
How do I care for my Bellis perennis?
A thousand beautiful are robust and easy-care flowers. After planting, it is important to ensure an even water supply without waterlogging. Trimming wilted blooms will result in a longer flowering period, as Bellis consequently don’t put energy into seed formation.
Fact: Cutting back the flowers with secateurs prolongs the bloom and reduces self-seeding.
How do I water and fertilize my Bellis perennis?
Immediately after planting, it is important that the soil is evenly moist and that the daisies establish themselves at the new location. Once the daisy has formed new roots, it is undemanding and must be watered depending on the temperature, solar radiation and humus content of the soil. Planted out in the garden, rainfall can be sufficient, in dry phases it has to be watered once or twice a week. Bellis perennis in pots need a little more attention. Here the roots have only a limited space available and the right care is important.
Fertilization depends on the soil quality; fertilization is not absolutely necessary on humus-rich locations. For light sandy soils, you should work with garden fertilizer. From April, you can provide Bellis in containers with liquid fertilizer at intervals of 2 to 3 weeks.
How do I overwinter my Bellis perennis properly?
Daisies are hardy, tolerant of frost and can remain in the garden all year round. Some brushwood can be placed on the plants to protect the flowers and leaves. Especially when the seasonal plants are already flowering, covering them with winter protection is recommended. Damage that is visible in spring is often attributed to winter, but is often the result of drying out during the winter.
What pests and diseases can daisies get?
With the right site conditions and optimal care, Bellis are particularly robust and less susceptible to diseases and pests. When planting, pay attention to the optimal location and make sure that you carefully unpot the spring bloomers. Avoid damaging the leaf or root.
FAQ — Frequently Asked Questions
Which plants are suitable for the combination?
All spring plants such as primroses, forget-me-nots, horned violets, pansies, tulips or daffodils and grasses, ivy, boxwood, small conifers and structural plants are ideal for combining.
How can Bellis perennis be propagated?
The most common method of propagation is by seed. From May the seed can be sown directly into the bed. Or the cultivation takes place in cultivation boxes on the balcony or terrace. The germination temperature should be between 15 and 20 degrees Celsius. Make sure the seed is sunny and kept evenly moist.
Are there perennial daisies?
Known as the Spanish daisy (Erigeron karvinskianus ‘sea of flowers’), the perennial is a perennial. It grows up to 30 cm high and has a long flowering period (June to October). The loosely growing perennial is robust and delights in the garden, as a traffic light plant or in the bed. The large number of small flowers make the species appear fragrant and light. The flowering daisy, like the wild daisy, serves as an excellent bee pasture. The flowers are white with a slight pink tinge.
What is a blue daisy?
Known as the blue daisy, the species is native to the grasslands of Australia. Unlike Bellis perennis, Brachyscome iberidiflolia should only be planted after the last frost in May. The slightly hanging plant delights with many blue flowers from May to October and is a popular balcony plant.
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