Eucalyptus care — worth knowing about the trend plant

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Useful information Location Tub care Watering Fertilizing Pruning Overwintering Pests & diseases FAQ

Interesting facts about eucalyptus

Botanical name: Eucalyptus in various species, especially Eucalyptus gunnii
Other names: cider gum eucalyptus, blue gum tree, eucalyptus tree, eucalyptus, blue eucalyptus
Use: container plant, cut green, conservatory, house plant
Origin: Australia
Leaf colors: grey-blue, green
Blossom: varies depending on the species.
Special features: The leaves have a characteristic scent, which essential oils are responsible for. Over 600 eucalyptus species are known worldwide. All eucalyptus are evergreen and belong to the myrtle family (Myrtaceae).

Eucalyptus are fascinating plants and have been very popular pot plants for balconies and gardens for some time. The smell typical of the genus drives away insects, in addition to the low eucalyptus maintenance and the attractive shape, another argument for a eucalyptus tree in the garden or on the balcony. Find out everything about the trend plant and eucalyptus care below. In the wild , eucalyptus are stately trees that can grow quite tall. In Australia there are specimens that can be seen for kilometers with a growth height of up to 100 meters. A special variety of eucalyptus trees is in the ‘Blue Mountains’, an area that was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The eucalyptus leaves evaporate an essential oil, the fine mist of which lies over the mountains and is responsible for the blue coloring of the air, a unique natural spectacle that is second to none.

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In which location do eucalyptus feel most comfortable?

Eucalyptus trees prefer a sunny to half-shady location. From May to October, the tree can be in the home garden. Planted out in the garden, eucalyptus is only hardy in climatically favorable regions. In addition to warmth, humus-rich soil without waterlogging is important for eucalyptus care. Wind-protected places near walls or house walls are ideal. Before the first frost, you should put your potted plant in its winter quarters. A bright place with temperatures between 10 and 15 degrees Celsius is ideal for hibernation.
Our gardening tip: make sure that the soil is not too calcareous.

How do I plant eucalyptus in a tub?

The shrub is ideal for large pots and vessels. The advantage of pot culture is that the exotic wood can be kept on the terrace or balcony for many years. Planted in the ground, this special feature is only conditionally hardy.

Important for eucalyptus in a pot is:

  • Choose a vessel that is initially twice the volume of the culture pot.
  • Make sure the jar has a drainage hole.
  • Put a layer of expanded clay as the bottom layer in the bucket for drainage.
  • Only use high-quality potting soil for planting.
  • Make sure the soil is evenly moist all year round, but avoid waterlogging.

How do I properly care for eucalyptus?

At the right location, the special features do not require any further care apart from an even water supply, needs-based fertilization and a cut. From October to April you should place your eucalyptus in a frost-free place. The plant is sometimes referred to as a hardy eucalyptus, but you should not let that guide you. Eucalyptus can only be hardy in mild winters and climatically favorable regions. Eucalyptus is evergreen and tolerates pruning well. Depending on the growth form (bush or trunk), the cut is made. It is best if you plant the eucalyptus tree in MarchCut back after overwintering.

What is the best way to water eucalyptus?

Eucalyptus grow rapidly and profusely. Proper watering is one of the most important measures in eucalyptus care. The need for water is high in summer, but there must never be waterlogging. Make sure that there is never water in the coaster for more than 2 hours. How often you water depends mainly on the size of the eucalyptus, the volume of soil and the temperature. Daily watering may be necessary on hot days. The foliage is on the plant all year round and therefore eucalyptus also evaporates water in winter. As a guideline, watering once a week in the cold season is sufficient. However, make sure that the plant does not dry out completely during the wintermay.

What is the best way to fertilize eucalyptus?

Eucalyptus gunnii needs a nutrient-rich soil for good growth. It is important that you fertilize your eucalyptus plant regularly in early spring after hibernation. As the temperature increases, the plants begin to grow and the nutrients required for this should be available in sufficient quantities. If possible, use a high-quality special fertilizer with a long-term effect for eucalyptus. Olive and eucalyptus fertilizer is best suited. Make sure the soil is evenly moist and never let the substrate dry out completely. Fertilize newly purchased eucalyptus every two weeks until September with a liquid fertilizer.
Our gardening tip:Eucalyptus requires consistent soil moisture. After too much drought, leaves fall. However, the distinctive plant also reacts sensitively to waterlogging.

What is the best way to prune eucalyptus?

Eucalyptus are easy to cut and are cut once a year for correction, depending on the type, purpose and requirements. It is best to cut back the plants after they have overwintered. To do this, cut back the plant by a third. By cutting back, new shoots form in the leaf axils and the eucalyptus continues to grow bushy.

Eucalyptus Pruning Tips:

  • Cut off all dead shoots on the eucalyptus.
  • Branches growing transversely are shortened.
  • The pruning can be a third of the total length.
  • When cutting thick branches, you should treat the interfaces on the eucalyptus with wound protection agent.

You can make shaping corrective cuts on the plants at any time. To do this, regularly cut back the long shoots. Through the cut, the eucalyptus plant develops better and becomes bushier. Eucalyptus also tolerates a radical pruning. The plants grow back well within a few months.

How are Eucalyptus overwintered?

In the home of the eucalyptus trees, the winters are mild and it doesn’t get colder than a maximum of 5 °C. One species that tolerates temperatures below zero is Eucalyptus gunnii, but only older plants survive frosty periods. When cultivating in pots, make sure they hibernate frost-free at temperatures around 10 °C, moderate watering and a bright location. It is important to get used to the outdoor conditions step by step in the spring. Clearing should take place on an overcast day, because young leaves are easily burned as a result of excessive exposure to the sun in the first few days outdoors.

What diseases and pests can eucalyptus get?

With the right site conditions and need-based fertilization, eucalyptus are easy-care and healthy garden plants. Thanks to the essential oils contained in all parts of the plant, the genus is rarely affected by diseases or insect pests. The scent (also known from eucalyptus oil) drives away pests. Therefore, the plant is ideal for terraces.


FAQ – Frequently asked questions about eucalyptus

How does propagation take place?

Eucalyptus can be propagated by cuttings. The shoot tips resulting from the cut can be used for this. Or you can cut shoot tips from strong plants in late spring and put them in potting soil. New roots form within a few weeks and the evergreen plants grow quickly. Young plants can also be on the windowsill in the house for the time being.

How tall can eucalyptus grow as a tree in your own garden?

Depending on the soil and type, a height of up to 5 meters can be expected in climatically favorable regions. There are firmly rooted specimens that are outdoors all year round and hibernate without protection. Especially in the wine-growing climate, Eucalyptus gunnii can survive for several years outdoors on walls and courtyards. However, in cold winters, total failure can occur and the plants die. Basically, the growth form and height vary within the different eucalyptus species.

Which eucalyptus species are there in horticultural culture?

Above all, Eucalyptus gunnii is offered as a plant for sunny locations. The advantages of the species are the attractive foliage, compact growth and tolerance to lower temperatures. Other eucalyptus species vary in growth, leaf and wood.

Are eucalyptus poisonous?

The essential oils contained in all parts of the plant are poisonous. As with all plants that contain essential oils, caution is advised. If too large amounts of leaves or bark are consumed by children or pets, it can lead to health problems. Sensitive people should wear gloves when cutting eucalyptus to prevent skin irritation.

Eucalyptus keeps drying up, why?

Eucalyptus needs a large pot with a drainage hole and good quality potting soil. Daily watering may be necessary during sunny periods.

What is the growth form of eucalyptus?

Depending on preference and pruning, eucalyptus can be cultivated as a bush or tree. The height of the eucalyptus tree is not cut and, above all, only the side shoots are shortened.

How long does eucalyptus last in a vase?

The decorative foliage impresses with its long durability. Depending on the location, eucalyptus can last up to 10 days as cut greenery. Eucalyptus blends in particularly well with decorations in grey, white or silver.

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