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Interesting facts about the daffodil
Botanical name: Narcissus pseudonarcissus and other species
Other names: daffodil, daffodil
Use: bedding plant, balcony plant, cut flowers, aromatic plant, cemetery plant, for naturalising, short-term as a houseplant
Origin: Southwest Europe and Northwest Africa
Planting time: depending on the species from the end of August to December (as long as the ground is not frozen)
Flowering period: depending on the species from February to the end of May
Flower colours: yellow, white, orange, two-colored or double flowers
Special features:Daffodils are permanent plants with many uses. With the appropriate selection, other species can bloom in the garden over many months. In addition to the classic yellow-flowered, large-flowered species, there is a wide variety of varieties that are particularly fascinating. All parts of the plant are poisonous, so the flower bulbs should be stored in such a way that they are not confused with table onions. Wear gloves when planting.
Alongside tulips and forsythias, yellow daffodils are synonymous with Easter, the beginning of spring and long-lived bulbs. Colloquially, the classic spring flowers are also known as daffodils and in English-speaking countries they are known as daffodil. With their characteristic flower shape, graceful shape and mostly yellow flowers, the bulbous plants can be enjoyed in the same place for many years without much care. The daffodil bulbs can remain in the ground all year round. It is important that you do not cut off the green after flowering so that the plants can store the nutrients. Due to complex breeding, over 20,000 varieties are known worldwide. Narcissus can roughly be divided into trumpet daffodils, large-crowned daffodils and small-crowned daffodils, trumpet daffodils, cyclamen daffodils, dwarf daffodils, tazette, poet’s daffodils and wild species. You can buy daffodils and numerous other plants online from us.
In which location does the daffodil feel most comfortable?
Narcissus are extremely easy to care for bulbous plantsand feel comfortable in a sunny to semi-shady place in the home garden. A spot with sufficient sun, well-drained soil with humus and even soil moisture is ideal. The flowering period is shortened in a sunny location, so sunny and partially shaded is ideal. It is important that daffodil bulbs never have standing water, because then they can quickly rot. If the subsoil is too sandy, the flower bulbs get too little water and root formation is inhibited. It is therefore important that you improve the bed with high-quality potting soil (pH value 6.5 to 7) before planting and ensure good water drainage. In the short term, daffodils in the pot can also be used as a herald of spring in the house. Temperatures of 10 to 15 °C and sufficient light are optimal here. The warmer the place
Can daffodils be used as potted plants in the room?
In the short term it is possible that blooming daffodils will be in the room as colorful spring flowers. The small-flowered variety ‘Tête à Tête’ is particularly popular as a houseplant. It is important that the room temperature is not too high, otherwise the splendor will soon be over. A bright location with 10 to 15 °C is ideal. In sunny places in the apartment with temperatures above 20 °C, a flower that has been pushed forward can be compared to a bouquet in terms of durability.
How do I plant my Narcissus in the garden?
Like all spring bloomers, daffodils are planted in late summer and fall. With all flower bulbs that are planted in autumn, it is important that they are planted in good time so that the storage organs can form roots before winter. The main planting season is September to November. Specimens planted early are well rooted and get through the winter best. The storage organs of the daffodils are very hardy and can remain in the ground throughout the winter. You can buy the right potting soil from us.
Careful planting is important for lush blooms with daffodil bulbs:
- Loosen the soil well and remove all weeds.
- Dig a planting hole.
- Put good quality potting soil in the planting hole.
- With organic flower bulb power you can activate and support soil activity. Put this activator in the planting hole before planting or sprinkle it on the surface and work it in.
- Now the bulbs are planted in the planting hole with the tip upwards.
- Cover the storage organs loosely with the humus-rich garden soil.
- Watering after planting is recommended.
You can also use special plant baskets to protect against being eaten by mice and voles.
The basic rule for the planting depth is three times the bulb length
The basic rule for planting distances is: The planting distance varies depending on the growth height of the variety. On the packaging you will find guidelines for the optimal planting distances and additional care instructions.
Our gardening tip: You can plant potted bulbs directly in containers, in the garden or on graves in spring.
How do I properly care for my daffodils after they have bloomed in summer and autumn?
Cut off the faded flowers immediately after they have faded. In this way, no unnecessary energy is wasted on seed formation. It is important that you protect the leaf and leave it on the bulbous plant until it has yellowed and dried up. This process is essential for the flower bulb and influences the budding in the next spring. Gently loosen the soil around the bulbs and remove any weeds that may be present. For winter protection, a thin layer of rotted compost can serve as protection and soil amendment, as with other flowers. The best time to apply the protective layer is early November. By the next year, the organic matter is available for the flowers and soil life is activated.
After flowering, what happens to the pushed-up, withered flowers?
Cut back the plants to 10 to 15 cm and place them in a light and frost-free place or plant them directly in the garden. Don’t throw away faded daffodils! After flowering, the plant stores the nutrients and goes into the dormant phase. The daffodils will sprout again next spring and the daffodils are cared for in the same way as other bulbous plants.
How do I water my daffodils properly?
Daffodil bulbs are easy to care for and hardy plants, but waterlogging is not tolerated. Therefore, watering flower bulbs is only necessary in very dry places. The precipitation is sufficient on humus-rich and nutrient-rich soils. Daffodils in pots are only watered carefully and protected from too much rain, especially in winter, because waterlogging damages the plants.
How do I fertilize my daffodils?
Narcissus plants that are planted in the fall and will delight with colorful blooms in the spring tend to thrive in the same spot for many years. Fertilization is necessary to ensure that the flowering plants remain strong in growth and lush in bloom. Start fertilizing as soon as the leaves have grown about a hand’s breadth out of the soil. Daffodils are heavy feeders and require a higher fertilizer content. Depending on the type of fertilizer, one or more fertilizer applications may be necessary. Only fertilize until the flowers begin to bloom, because after flowering the storage organ for summer rest matures and the fertilizer is no longer absorbed. This is also how you care for tulips and other early bloomers.
How do I plant daffodils in a pot?
Even without a garden, you can plant daffodil varieties and enjoy the wonderful spring bloomers. Pots and tubs with Narcissus give a glimpse of spring and beautify terraces, balconies and house entrances quickly and easily. However, the vessels must already be planted in autumn in order to be able to go into the winter sufficiently developed. If you combine different varieties, you will have variety in one jar for many weeks next year. With us you will find the right planters outside.
9 tips for planting daffodil bulbs in containers:
- Choose vessels with a water drain.
- Provide a drainage layer at the bottom of the vessel.
- Fill the container with high-quality potting soil.
- Plant the bulbs so close together that they are just touching each other.
- Fill in the cavities with soil.
- Water the soil thoroughly.
- Leave the pots outside, because the cold is necessary for flowering.
- Make sure that the bulbs do not have too much moisture in winter.
At low temperatures, protect the planter with garden fleece or special winter protection material.
Can I also use daffodils as cut flowers?
Daffodils are ideal as a bouquet and quickly and easily bring spring mood into your home. As cut flowers, they exude a toxic slime, so it is advisable to only place the decorative spring bloomers in a vase with greenery, because other cut flowers suffer and fade quickly. It is important that you wash your hands after arranging the flowers. Narcissus cut into buds will keep for 5 to 7 days in a vase at a room temperature of 20 °C. The tip about putting it in hot water is controversial, but it can lead to a longer shelf life. You can also cut stems from your own garden, this only reduces the splendor in the bed, but it does not damage the onion.
What pests and diseases can the daffodil get?
With optimal site conditions and the right care, flower bulbs, like many perennials, are floriferous plants. The following pests or diseases can still occur:
Fusarium onion blight
Above all, crocuses, hyacinths, daffodils and tulip bulbs do not sprout or only to a limited extent. The plants become ailing, the tips of the leaves turn yellow and the bulbs die. The cause is often a place that is too damp or too high a nitrogen content in the bed. Only preventive measures make sense here, combating it is not possible.
FAQ — Frequently asked questions about daffodils
Why are the shoots stuck and not growing?
A lack of or sparse flowering can be the result of drought or late planting. With bulbs that have been planted for some time, the bulb may not have matured enough due to a summer that was too wet or too dry. Furthermore, a high nitrogen content leads to what is known as “ paper bloom ”.
Do daffodil bulbs have to be taken out of the ground?
The bulbs can remain in the ground all year round. Do not cut off the foliage after flowering, but wait until the foliage has completely dried up. If you want to change the location or combine it with other bulbous plants, the completely dry storage organs can be removed from the bed from June.
Why do the leaves of onion plants turn yellow in early summer?
At the end of the growth phase, the onion plants withdraw the nutrients contained in the leaves. As a result, they turn yellow and wither. However, the bulbs store the reserves and are ready for a new shoot next spring. It is important that the leaves are only removed when they are completely dry and can be easily pulled out of the ground.
What happens when daffodils look out of the ground and snow and frost come again?
Daffodils are robust and the leaf tips can survive low temperatures and frost well. In extreme locations, you should protect the new shoots with some brushwood. Even if the shoots have suffered some damage, the plants will delight without further care and will flower at the regular flowering time.
How do daffodils reproduce?
Buds for small daughter bulbs also form on the bulb base between the leaf buds of daffodils. Initially, only thin, individual leaves form, which come to the surface close to the mother bulb. After 2 to 3 years, the daughter bulbs grow larger and separate from the mother bulb. Now it is possible to multiply the bulbs and put them in a new location. To do this, take the bulbs out of the ground in late summer, separate them and replant them. Leave the flower stalks on the plant, seeds will form by early summer. This can also be used for propagation. However, it is quicker and safer to propagate the amaryllis with daughter bulbs.