The most important tips for October

1.Now is the best time to plant roses, perennials, hedges and all other shrubs. 2.Container plants are protected from frost and brought to the winter quarters. 3.Last lawn cut. Important: do not mow too deep. 4.Decorate your front door, balcony and terrace with baskets and containers filled with heather, chrysanthemums, gentian and much more. 5.For vital garden soils in the coming year, empty beds are now sown with foundations. 6.With leaves and brushwood you can create a natural winter shelter for hedgehogs.

ornamental garden

Nature enchants with bright colors and many different fruits. Decorative fruit trees are robust and decorate with colorful berries for weeks, and they also serve as a valuable source of food for many birds. Now is planting time for all trees, hedges and roses.

Our tip: read about this in our blog «You want to plant roses!».

Plant now for spring! Autumn bulbs develop best if planted early .

With heather plants you extend the summer. Choose from a wide range of colours, sizes and varieties and enjoy the robust bud bloomers that are so special among the heather.

The bulbs of dahlias, gladioli and canna, which are sensitive to cold, are pulled out of the ground before the first frost. Cut off the green a hand’s breadth above the bulb and store the spring bulbs in a cool, dark and frost-free place. From the end of April, the summer-blooming beauties can go back into the garden.

Remove wilted and diseased leaves from rose plants and dispose of them with the general waste. A pruning takes place only in the spring. New rose plantings are ideal now. When the soil is still warm, the trees grow well. Read more about this in our article «Autumn planting of perennials and shrubs in the garden».

The last perennials are blooming in the rock garden and the gentian delights with bright blue flowers. With us you will find a large selection of gentian in different sizes — ideal for planting. So that the start in spring is colorful and varied, plant bulbs of small species such as wild crocus, spring snowflakes or botanical tulips, which are ideal for rock gardens.

The heart of the pampas grass is very sensitive to moisture. Tie the tuft of leaves together in autumn to protect the plants from moisture.


Now the winter apples are ready to be picked. Some varieties only taste good after a few weeks of storage and are thus ripe for consumption. Under ideal conditions, you can enjoy the fruits until spring.

To improve frost hardiness, you can fertilize your fruit trees again in autumn. A fertilizer with a high potassium content and no nitrogen at all is important here. Autumn fertilizer Winter-Fit is ideal for this. Strengthen the plant cells and thus their resistance to drought and low temperatures. Find out more about autumn fertilization in our blog post.

The kiwi harvest begins at the end of October. When harvested, the fruits are still hard and inedible. The vitamin-rich fruits only achieve their full aroma after a storage period of 3 to 4 weeks. You can find out everything you need to know about caring for the kiwi in our guide.

Harvest your quinces only when the fruit loses its downy coating and reveals a shiny yellow skin. An unripe green quince is bland and lacks flavor.

Thoroughly remove the fallen fruit. In this way you reduce the risk of infection for fungal diseases and deprive mice of the food basis. Especially in dry years, an enormous increase in field mice and voles is to be expected. These damage the roots of fruit trees in winter.

With warm soil temperatures, all fruit trees grow well. Therefore, autumn is the ideal planting time ! Our tip: You can find out everything you need to know about planting and caring for fruit trees from our «Fruit trees» advisor.

Herb and vegetable garden

Celeriac, parsnip, beetroot and carrot growth is complete. You should harvest the valuable root vegetables before the first frost. Ideal storage conditions are frost-free and at temperatures below 10 °C.

Cut off the main stem of Brussels sprouts. This improves the growth of the florets and limits growth in length.

Are you planning to plant an asparagus bed in the coming year ? Then it is important that the ground is now dug deep. You should not dig up the rest of the garden. Contrary to earlier gardener mania, loosening with a digging fork in spring is sufficient. Digging up messes up valuable soil structures and is more likely to cause damage.

Kale should only be harvested after the first frost. Most varieties get a milder aroma from low temperatures.

Spices that are sensitive to cold, such as basil, lemongrass and lemon verbena, must be brought indoors for the winter. Mediterranean herbs such as rosemary, lavender and thyme are protected at lower temperatures with brushwood or winter protection fleece.

Would you like to plant your herbs somewhere else or have the plants grown too big ? With lemon balm, chives and oregan o, division in autumn is suitable. Dig up the perennial plants and divide the rootstock with a spade. The resulting sections can now grow in the new location. It is important that you do not plant the new plants too deep and water them well.

balcony and terrace

Night frost can already be expected in October. Therefore, it is important that you have appropriate winter protection materials on hand in case of an emergency. You should now prepare a place for the wintering of oleanders, gentians, fuchsias and much more.

Our tip: If you don’t have the opportunity, secure a place for your potted plants in the winter quarters at Pflanzen-Kölle. Find out more about overwintering plants here.

Angel’s trumpet, gentian bush and jasmine solanum can be shortened by 1/3 when wintering. This means that less space is required for wintering.

Design your personal fireworks of colors with the large variety of structural plants, grasses, small conifers, gentian and much more. Based on nature in nuances from yellow to red and brown or upbeat with pink and violet, there are no limits to the imagination. Welcome autumn with its most beautiful colors with planted containers at the entrance to the house, terrace and balcony.

Combine common heather and winter heather in your planters. You can of course find planters at Planzen-Kölle. In this way you get a long-lasting heather blossom long after the winter.

crop protection

In autumn, a white coating often appears on the leaves of phlox, Indian nettles and other perennials. Cut these plants back heavily and dispose of the clippings in the bio bin. Strengthening the plants when they bud in spring minimizes their susceptibility. A spray with a plant cure is ideal for this.

When working in the garden, there are always nests with snails. The best way to minimize slug infestation is to remove these slug eggs.

To protect against the voracious frost moth caterpillars, it is important that you attach glue rings made of corrugated cardboard to the tree trunks at a height of 1 m. This biological measure provides simple and effective protection against excessive pest infestation.

Provide retreats for birds and insects. Nesting boxes and birdhouses must be hung up in good time in order to be accepted by the animals.

Leave lumber and some foliage in the garden. Quiet spots in the background are ideal. For hedgehogs, lizards and slowworms, these natural materials serve as a retreat and as a thank you, the helpers minimize the pests in the garden. You can also create a shelter for wild animals with hedgehog houses and insect hotels.

indoor garden

Many houseplants need less water in the fall months. The fertilization interval can also be increased. It is important to regularly check for pests, because many plants become more susceptible, especially when the heating air is dry.

Cyclamen quickly bring color into the house. Get to know the fascinating varieties with flamed and fringed flowers and enjoy the popular indoor plants for weeks.

Our care tip: Avoid waterlogging and choose locations that are as bright and cool as possible. Choose suitable planters inside the home.

In order for your amaryllis to bloom by Christmas, it is important that you pot the bulb now. A maximum of half the onion can be potted. Water a little at first and place the plant in a cool place until the first buds appear. As a special feature, we offer you a wide range of waxed amaryllis. The novelty is decorative and absolutely easy to care for.


Stretch a pond net over your garden pond before the leaves fall and save yourself a lot of trouble. Leaves do not end up in the pond and can be easily removed from the net.

Too much organic material damages the pond water. Dead plant parts and leaves are therefore regularly fished off.

Pond pumps and filters are removed before the first frost and stored frost-free in a bucket with water. A basement is ideal for this. Pumps that are stored dry break down more quickly and the plastic seals become brittle and porous.

Remove frost-sensitive pond plants from the pond and store them in a bright and frost-free place over the winter.

Pond plants are cut back only a little in autumn. This ensures gas exchange even in winter. The actual pruning takes place in the spring.

At water temperatures below 12 °C, the fish feeding is completely stopped.


Has summer left its mark on your lawn? Then now is the ideal time for repairs. Burnt lawn can be renewed with special lawn reseeding without digging. Find out here how best to pamper your lawn after the hot summer.

New installations can also be carried out very well if the weather is appropriate. The quality seed germinates perfectly on the still warm soil.

Prepare your lawn properly for winter. With a special autumn lawn fertilizer, the cell structure is strengthened and thus the resistance to drought and frost is significantly improved. Our tip: Read more about this in our blog “Lawn care in autumn”. gardening tips

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