Caring for Cymbidium – a special type of orchid with unique flower decoration

Cymbidiums are distinguished by large flowers, attractive colors and picturesque growth. This special type of orchid is best suited as a solitary plant and cut flower with a long shelf life. The exotic beauty, whose individual flowers are up to 12 cm in size and some even have a scent, fascinates with an incomparable floral arrangement. Crossbreeding has resulted in colorful varieties that are characterized by a long flowering period. A stay outdoors from June to September is ideal for renewed bud formation.

Useful information Site care Watering Fertilizing Repotting Pests & diseases FAQ

Interesting facts about cymbidiums

Botanical name: Cymbidium hybrids
Other names: Cymbidium, scaphoid, orchid
Use: houseplant, potted plant, cut flower
Origin: Southeast Asia and Australia
Flowering period:

autumn to early summer

flower colors:

yellow, orange, violet, red, pink, white, brown, multicolor

Particularities:

The orchid species gets its name from the punt-like flower shape. In addition to the magnificent solitary species, there are small-flowered miniature hybrids that are ideal for the windowsill. A temperature fluctuation between day and night is important for renewed flowering.

In which location do cymbidiums feel most comfortable?

A bright location in the room without direct sunlight is ideal for potted plants. At home, these beauties grow in wooded regions, where they thrive under the protection of a canopy. Direct midday sun on the south-facing window is therefore harmful and leads to unsightly burns. Outdoor space is recommended from late May to early September. A gradual acclimatization to the outdoor conditions is important here. The place should be protected from rain and wind. In winter, temperatures of 15 to 18 °C during the day and 10 to 15 °C in the dark are ideal for the bark orchid. In summer, the potted plant is best at 15 to 28 °C.

Our gardening tip: leave the cymbidium outside in autumn long enough for the plant to stand at temperatures of around 10 °C for 2 to 4 weeks. Then the pot comes into the house for 3-4 weeks in a bright and cool place and is watered less.

How do I properly care for my Cymbidium?

After the flor, it is important that the stem is left on the plant until it is completely brown and dried up. Cutting it off too early damages the plant. After flowering is also the right time for transplanting if the container is too small. From the end of May, an outdoor space is recommended; this should be maintained until September, as the day-night fluctuations stimulate bud formation.

Our gardening tip: If the cape orchid does not get a cool phase and then a resting phase, instead of flowering, only new shoots can form.

How do I water my Cymbidium correctly?

Depending on the pot size and room temperature, watering is necessary once or twice a week. It is particularly important during growth that the orchid soil does not dry out, standing water also damages the roots and must also be avoided. The plant can also be watered once a week during the summer months. The entire pot is placed in a vessel with water until no more air bubbles rise. In September and October, the orchid should only be watered every 2 weeks to promote flowering. Only when the panicles are visible is water given weekly again.

Our gardening tip: a humidity of 60-80% is ideal. It is therefore advisable to spray the genus regularly, especially in summer. Spraying increases the vitality of the plants and reduces infestation with spider mites.

How do I fertilize my Cymbidium correctly?

Fertilize the Kahnlippe all year round every 2 weeks with special orchid fertilizer. Regular fertilization is important for growth, plant vitality and induction. Well-nourished plants are more robust and less susceptible to pests and diseases. In addition to the classic fertilization with liquid fertilizer, fertilizer sticks can also be used. This convenient dosage form provides the exotic animals with the necessary nutrients for 3 months. During the dormant phase in autumn, fertilization is increased to an interval of 4 weeks. As soon as the plant shows buds, a weekly fertilization takes place again.

How do I repot my Cymbidium properly?

Transplanting cymbidiums every 2 to 3 years is ideal. It is best to plant the plants in a larger pot after they have faded. Before repotting, water the plant and carefully remove the old pot. It is important that the roots are not injured. The new pot should only be a few centimeters larger than the old one, because bark orchids tend to prefer a limited root space. Put some orchid substrate in the new pot and place the houseplant in the middle. Fill the cavities with new orchid soil, but be careful not to press it too hard. Watering immediately after transplanting is not necessary. Spraying the leaves with low-lime water is beneficial. Only after 1 week is poured again.

What pests and diseases can cymbidiums get?

Given the right conditions and optimal care, cymbidiums are easy-care plants. The following problems can still occur:

Scale and Mealybugs

Scale and mealybugs mainly appear in phases with less light and less growth. Try to remove the lice from the plants and strengthen the plant with a plant strengthener. In this way, the immune system is strengthened in a natural way. Substances containing paraffin oil also help to combat the annoying pests.

FAQ — Frequently asked questions about cymbidiums

How long does a Cymbidium bloom?

As a pot plant, the exotic plant flowers for 8-10 weeks, depending on the room temperature. If the plants are kept at 15 °C during flowering, the splendor can last up to three months. As a cut flower, the shelf life is at least 2 weeks. The beautiful plant is an ideal gift for Easter, Christmas and many other occasions.

Are there different Cymbidium species?

Cymbidium hybrids are mainly available through breeding. These vary in growth height, flower size and color.

Can kahn orchids be divided?

Large specimens can be divided when transplanting. It is important that each section has at least 2-3 new shoots.

What is the cause of the flowers falling off on cymbidiums?

Plants often react sensitively to a change of location and drop the buds. Drafts or too much water can also be a reason for bud drop.

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