Caring for Monstera — Things to know about the window leaf

The window leaf can be found as a green plant in many living rooms and offices. Not only are the large, green leaves fascinating, but the low maintenance requirements are also convincing. Also known as Monstera, the plant is experiencing a renaissance. The characteristic leaves can be found on clothing, wallpaper, pillows, bags and everyday objects. In addition to its attractive shape, the arum plant is a convincing air freshener. Most notably, Monstera helps break down formaldehyde, benzene, and other harmful compounds. Especially in winter, the window leaf proves to be an effective room humidifier and oxygen supplier. Of the more than 60 Monstera species, it is mainly Monstera deliciosa that is propagated.

Worth knowing Location Care Watering Fertilizing Pruning Pests & diseases FAQ

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Worth knowing about the window leaf

Botanical name: Monstera deliciosa
Other names: window leaf, monstera, delicious window leaf, incorrectly also philodendron
Origin: Central and South America
Use: indoor plant, indoor greening, room climate plant, climbing plant, conservatory plant
Flower: cobs with white bracts, spectacular, only older specimens flower.
Features: Serves as a natural air filter. Location should have no direct sun and never be cold. Extremely hardy houseplant. Can grow up to 3 meters in height. Easy to propagate.

In which location does the window leaf feel most comfortable?

Monstera deliciosa need a bright location with year-round temperatures of around 20 degrees Celsius. According to its origin, the monstera window leaf also grows with a lower light supply. At home, the plant climbs up mighty trees towards the sun. The climbing artist holds on with its aerial roots. As a houseplant, it can be observed that the species, with its liana-like growth, turns towards the light and grows accordingly. However, the green plant should not be exposed to the blazing sun, as direct sunlight can burn the leaves. The popular room air improvers can also be used in partially shaded locations. A high level of humidityis conducive to the monstera leaf. You can help houseplants with indoor fountains, humidifiers or bowls filled with water.

Knowledge tip: The window leaf improves the air quality by breaking down harmful substances. It also increases through photosynthesis, the oxygen content in the room air.

How do I properly care for my Monstera?

Monstera are robust and easy to care for plants that are in the house all year round. They are best suited for people with little time and for everyone without a green thumb. As green plants, they are easy to care for and rarely cause problems. The climbing plant has an imposing shape and is grateful if you offer it a moss stick to support it. Monstera care is easy with this climbing aid. Occasionally you can tie on supporting shoots, sometimes the window leaf also holds up by itself. When caring for the window leaf, you should also make sure that you water as needed and regularly supply the monstera with houseplant fertilizer. This means that the substrate is evenly moist, there is never waterlogging, but it must never dry out completely. Repotting into a larger pot and fresh soil is recommended every 2 to 3 years. Spring is the right time for this. Make sure that the new pot is first provided with a drainage layer at the bottom. Use high-quality potting soil for repotting, for example green plant soil. A large planter is important for stability. You can buy plants online from us. The Monstera is also an ideal gift for your mother-in-law, girlfriend or as a gift for the host. The effort of Monstera care is very low, the recipient will certainly be happy!

Our care tip: Small plants can be sprayed with lukewarm water once or twice a year in the shower or outdoors. If the plants are too large and unwieldy for this, wiping the leaves with a damp cloth will help. This removes the dust and supports a good development of the plant.

How do I water my window leaf correctly?

Monstera require even soil moisture. How often you have to water depends mainly on the temperature, the size of the plant, the radiation and the substrate. It is important that you pour off excess water from the planter or saucer 15 minutes after watering. Young plants initially require less water, and as the leaf mass increases, the need increases. With standing water, the roots suffer and the Monstera deliciosa window leaf gets yellow leaves. You can also dive small specimens weekly. Here you place the houseplant in a bucket filled with water and immerse the plant until no more air bubbles rise. The advantage of the immersion method is that the root ball is completely soaked.

How do I properly fertilize my Monstera?

Monstera requires regular fertilization for growth from March to October. A special green plant fertilizer is ideal, which contains important growth and vital substances and thus helps the plant to look healthy and fresh. Add the special fertilizer to the irrigation water every 1 to 2 weeks and feed the Monstera deliciosa. Fertilizing once a month is sufficient from November. A lack of fertilizer is indicated by a light leaf color and weak growth. Fertilizing with fertilizer sticks is convenient. This long-term fertilizer works for 3 months and releases nutrients as needed.

Our care tip: Make sure that you never fertilize when the root ball is dry.

How do I cut my window leaf?

With the right knowledge about the climbing plant, pruning can be done with secateurs. The heart-shaped leaves form on long shoots. As the plant grows, it becomes more difficult to take care of itself. In larger specimens, therefore, aerial roots sprout between the leaf axils. These organs are supply lines and detention organs at the same time. Therefore, long aerial roots are important for vitality and must not be cut. Monstera that are too large can be shortened in spring. A cut just above a leaf axil is optimal. In this way you support branching and the formation of young leaves. Cut back long shoots by no more than half with a sharp knife or scissors. The parts resulting from the cut can serve as Monstera offshoots. The green plants can easily be propagated by cuttings. It is important that you wear gardening gloves when cutting, as the plant sap can irritate the skin. All parts of the plant contain toxic, skin-irritating substances.

Our gardening tip: After cutting, the Monstera plant continues to grow quickly. If necessary, you can tie the shortened shoots to the climbing aid (moss stick). With proper care, the window leaf returns to its original size within 1 to 2 years.

What pests and diseases can Monstera deliciosa get?

In the right location, the robust green plant is an easy-care houseplant that is rarely attacked by diseases and pests. Little light and dry heating air are often the cause of weakened plants. The following problems can occur:

spider mites

The affected leaves have silvery dots on the upper side and webs are visible on the underside of the leaves. It is usually sufficient to spray the plants with water and treat them with plant strengtheners. These bio-active agents contain natural plant extracts that contribute to the vitalization of the plant. Make sure that the spider mites do not multiply, as combating them becomes more difficult if the infestation is severe.

aphids

Especially in phases with less light and weakened specimens, there is a high probability that aphids will multiply quickly and cause damage. Aphids pierce leaf tissue with their mouthparts. At first, the infestation can be seen on young shoots. The fight is analogous to the spider mite infestation.

FAQ — Frequently asked questions about Monstera

How to propagate Monstera?

The easiest way is to propagate by cuttings. So-called top cuttings can be obtained directly when pruning large plants. Make sure that the leaves on the cuttings are as small as possible, as large leaves evaporate more and rot faster. Plant the cuttings in potting soil and ensure even soil moisture and temperatures above 20 °C. Monstera deliciosa take root quickly and you have a new plant. Climbing plants can also be propagated by seeds.

When does it flower?

Monstera flowering is difficult to predict. Older plants usually flower. However, the process cannot be influenced. The cylindrical spadix (the actual flower) is surrounded by a creamy white bract. When your Monstera blooms, it’s a miracle of nature!

Why does the Monstera have different leaves?

Depending on the variety, the glossy, mid-green leaves vary in shape. Diameters of up to 70 cm are not uncommon. The shape varies depending on the available light. Leaves formed in low light are sparsely and not deeply incised. In contrast, leaves formed under relatively high light are deeply and numerously incised. This phenomenon is even more evident in nature.

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