Caring for the poinsettia — so you can enjoy your houseplant for a long time

Poinsettias are popular houseplants during Advent and Christmas. Whether in classic red, white, pink or two-tone, with their attractive bracts, you can quickly conjure up an atmospheric decoration with the best durability in your home with poinsettias. With the right knowledge of beauty, you can enjoy the expressive plants for a long time.

Useful Information Location Planting Care Watering Propagating Cut Flowers Species Pests & Diseases FAQ

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Interesting facts about the poinsettia

Botanical name: Euphorbia pulcherrima
Other names: Christmas star, poinsettia, Advent star, Christmas star, Holy Night flower
Use: flowering houseplant, cut flower
Origin: high plateaux in Mexico
Flower colors: red, dark red, pink, cream, salmon, white, yellow, bicolor
Flowering period: October-February
Special features: The colored leaves are often referred to as flowers, but are so-called bracts or bracts. The actual flowers are the small, yellow flowers in the middle of the bracts. They are called cyathia.

What is a suitable poinsettia location?

The poinsettia location should be in a bright environment in the room. Drafts and direct sunlight should be avoided. The poinsettia is ideal at a temperature of 18 to 25 °C.

Which poinsettias can I plant in the garden in autumn?

With the new breed Princettia® you can plant bowls, balcony boxes or even the bed in the garden in autumn. The special feature impresses with the multitude of shoots and flowers and with striking colors and narrow leaves, this flowering plant is an attractive eye-catcher outdoors. In addition to the attractive shape, Princettia® convinces with a good shelf life and at temperatures above 5 °C the novelty is a special feature in the garden until late autumn. The sonorous name Princettia® is composed of princess and poinsettia. Princettia® is available in pink, pink, red or white and, like all other poinsettias, can last for many weeksserve as a magical decoration in the house.

How do I carry out the poinsettia care…

… during flowering?

With optimal site conditions, poinsettias can last for months. The poinsettia care is easy to use. The small yellow flowers fall off after a few weeks, but the colored bracts are still decorative . A lack of light, severe drought or waterlogging can lead to leaf fall. Basically, the potted plants are well supplied with fertilizer and fertilizer is not necessary. If you would like to keep your plants in pots after the Christmas period, then a dose of flowering plant fertilizer is recommended.

… in summer?

If you don’t want to simply throw away your poinsettia after it has bloomed, you can continue cultivating the flowering plant. This requires sensitivity and patience. After flowering, the spurge needs a rest period of 10 to 12 weeks with little watering. A pruning of the plant to 15 cm is recommended, this information applies to standard goods in 12 to 15 cm pots. From mid-May, the flowering plant grows stronger, repotting it in high-quality indoor plant soil is beneficial and the watering is increased again. Fertilize weekly until the end of Septemberwith flowering plant fertilizer. When caring for the poinsettia, make sure that the nutrients are optimally supplied.

How can I water my poinsettias?

For a long shelf life it is important that you water your poinsettias. An even supply of water is important here. Waterlogging quickly leads to root damage in poinsettias. The surface of the soil should dry out a little between waterings. How often you have to water the poinsettias depends mainly on the room temperature and the volume of soil in the plant.

Our gardening tip: put a layer of expanded clay or a drainage pad in the saucer or planter. This prevents waterlogging.

How do I propagate my poinsettia?

Poinsettias can be propagated by cuttings in early summer. It is important that the cuttings are placed in moist potting soil immediately after harvesting and placed in a warm place protected from drafts. Rooting the cuttings is a bit difficult. But it is the common method of propagating plants.

Can I also use the poinsettia as a cut flower?

Poinsettias can be used individually in a vase or as a flower arrangement and bouquet. With a shelf life of two weeks, you can enjoy these special Advent and Christmas flowers for a long time. Broken stalks can also be used in this way. It is important that the leaking milky juice is stopped with a candle flame and that your hands are washed thoroughly afterwards, as the milky juice is slightly poisonous.

What types of poinsettias are there?

The variety of poinsettias is very large and new breeds come onto the market every year. In addition to the flower colour, flower size, durability and growth behavior are important factors when choosing a variety.
As the main color, red in various nuances is still of essential importance for poinsettias. In addition, there are pink, cream, salmon, white, yellow and two-tone varieties. In addition, the varieties can be refined with glitter or color.

growth forms:

Depending on the cultivation method in the nursery, different growth forms can be cultivated from poinsettias. The popular indoor plants are available as

  • mini plants
  • Collector
  • multidriver
  • trunk
  • bushes

XXL plants

The location requirements and care are identical for all sizes.

Organic poinsettia:

To conserve resources and as a significant contribution to environmental protection, there are poinsettias in organic quality from Pflanzen Kölle’s own nursery. These organic plants are potted in organic soil and were supplied exclusively with organic fertilizer. Furthermore, the organic poinsettias are varieties that can be cultivated at lower temperatures , and therefore less energy is required for greenhouse heating. The poinsettias are cultivated completely ecologically with the use of beneficial insects and by means of poured with water-saving ebb and flow irrigation.

What pests and diseases can the poinsettia get?

Poinsettias are robust indoor plants and, with optimal care, are not very susceptible to diseases and pests. Possible problems can be:

white bow tie

The sucking insect sits on the underside of the green leaves. The sucking activity is indicated by yellow sucking points. The affected leaves dry up and fall off. The pests also produce honeydew on which sooty mold fungi settle, discoloring the leaves black. Good biological plant protection is catching the flies with yellow stickers or with the targeted use of beneficial insects, the parasitic parasitic wasps.

FAQ — Frequently asked questions about the poinsettia

Are poinsettias poisonous?

The milky sap contained in the plants can cause skin irritation. It is therefore advisable to wear gardening gloves when pruning. Swallowing parts of the plant may cause discomfort. The plant is not suitable for consumption.

Why does the poinsettia lose its green leaves?

Drafts, waterlogging or prolonged drought can lead to leaf fall. Optimize the location factors and with a bit of luck the houseplant will regenerate. However, if the roots are damaged, the only option is to throw them away.

Is there a symbolism to the poinsettia?

In Germany, the poinsettia stands for decoration in the Advent and Christmas season. Poinsettia Day is celebrated in the USA on December 12th. On this day of the poinsettia, poinsettias are traditionally given away. In France, the poinsettia is known as the « love star ». You can give these plants away. You can find more gift ideas in our online shop.

What do I have to consider when buying poinsettias?

Important quality features are dark green leaves, stable shoots, undamaged bracts, the presence of yellow flowers in the middle of the leaves and freedom from pests. You should also pack the heat-loving houseplant for transport at temperatures below 12 °C.

Can the poinsettia stand outside in summer?

From the end of May you can place the poinsettia in a semi-shady place outdoors or on the balcony. Ensure an even water supply.

How do I get my poinsettia to bloom again?

Poinsettias belong to the group of short- day plants, which only develop flowers in phases with short days. Flowering begins in mid-September. During this time it is important that the houseplant is in a room where it is consistently 12 hours of night. A warm storage room that only gets daylight is ideal. Only in this way can the development of the flowers and the coloring of the bracts function optimally . There should also be no disturbing light from street lamps or the like. to be available. If the consistent short-day phase of 8 to 10 weeks is observed, theso-called flower induction and nothing stands in the way of renewed flowering. Now the poinsettia can be set up again in the living room.

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