As an important supplier of vitamins, fruit is essential for a healthy diet. Healthy, tasty and also from our own garden. What a heavenly idea. Realizing your own snack garden does not require much effort. In our online shop you can buy fruit trees and have them delivered directly to your home.
In the home garden you can achieve considerable harvests even on a small area. In most cases, however, it is not the yield that matters, but the incomparable experience of your own harvest. With just a few steps you have easily reached your destination, the Naschgarten.
care watering fertilizing cut cut types
Matching Products — Fruit trees
How do I care for my fruit trees?
The right earth:
With Kölle’s Best Planting Soil in the planting hole, you offer your tasty fruit the ideal conditions for lush growth. With the high-quality special soil you create the best site conditions and promote the growth of all types of fruit. For the organic garden, we recommend Kölle’s organic peat-free berry and sweet fruit soil.
Our gardening tip: If there are large hangings, branches of apple, pear and plum trees are supported so that they do not break. Collect rotten fruit together and dispose of it. Important to minimize the spread of fungal diseases.
How do I water my fruit trees?
Water your orchards during prolonged drought. Important especially for plants that are only in the 1st or 2nd standing year and are not yet so deeply rooted. Generous watering is essential here.
Fertilization with organic special fertilizer is now part of the care of soft fruit. Ideally, the fertilizer is applied to moist soil in order to be able to act as needed.
Grape vines are treated preventively with tonics, such as Kölle’s Beste Pflanzenkur. Depending on the region, it is advisable to protect the fruit with fine-meshed nets against infestation by cherry vinegar fly
With caterpillar glue rings you protect your fruit trees from the voracious caterpillars of the small winter moth in a purely biological way. Applied in good time, the safe and proven method is ideal and helps to ensure a rich harvest in the coming year.
How do I prune my fruit trees?
Why pruning at all?
In an ideal location, fruit trees grow well and the growth is considerable. Even young trees must be able to supply the fruits with sufficient nutrients and be able to bear the fruits sufficiently. In order to achieve this, a cut directly at the planting is important. With this so-called pruning, competing shoots are removed and the necessary structure of the crown is determined. Regular pruning of the fruit trees is also important in the years that follow. Essential points for a fruit tree pruning are:
- Construction of a stable branch structure
- Creation of favorable lighting conditions
- Prevention of tree senescence
Promotion of new growth
What types of cuts are there?
The aim here is to lay the foundation for the subsequent crown build-up. A tree crown consists of a central shoot and three leading shoots. The three leading shoots, which grow as horizontally as possible, should be arranged evenly around the trunk. This measure promotes the formation of fruit wood and helps to set fruit well.
The training pruning takes place from the second year and serves to build up the crown. With the right pruning, you help your tree to achieve the ideal statics, because a rich fruit load requires a solid foundation. With the right cut, you avoid breaking branches, promote new growth and create favorable lighting conditions.
The basic structure of the crown is complete. Now shoots that are sticking up steeply and wood that is standing inwards are removed. With these measures, you ensure that your tree does not become bare on the inside and also bears a lot of fruit in this lower area.
What growth and pruning laws are there?
- Heavy pruning=> strong new growth
Weak pruning=> weak new growth
With this knowledge you can derive the measures necessary for your trees. Every cut means increased growth. If you want your tree to have less growth, you can only cut back a little.
When is the right time for a cut?
In frost-free weather, the fruit trees are cut from January to March. During the so-called winter pruning, plum trees and all pome fruit trees (apple and pear trees) are pruned first, then sweet cherries are pruned and finally, after flowering, peach and apricot trees are pruned. It is important to have a sharp tool, such as pruning shears or pruning shears. By pruning the fruit tree at the right time, you ensure that the cuts heal well.
cut in summer?
In addition to the usual winter cut, you can carry out a so-called formation cut in summer. This is mainly helpful with trellis fruit to allow more light and nutrients to reach the existing fruit. It is important that you only carry out the summer cut in mid-August.
The exception is: walnut trees are cut in mid-September!
What happens to the tree after the cut?
By cutting, you will stimulate the tree to form new shoots. A wound closure forms by itself at the interfaces. Only large cuts caused by sawing work are closed with a special wound closure.
In addition, you achieve the desired tree shape with the cut and thus create the best conditions for a rich fruit harvest. You can find out practical application examples in our fruit tree pruning course.